Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. Gum disease treatment can slow or stop the progression of gum disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred to a specialist.
Gum treatment consists of one or more of the following procedures, depending on the individual case:
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and Root Planing is a common non-surgical treatment for periodontal disease. By using special instruments, Dr. Bansal removes bacteria and infection from the unhealthy deep pockets around the teeth below the gum line. This is often referred to as a "deep cleaning."
First the tooth is scaled to remove the plaque and tarter that has accumulated on the tooth. Then the root is planed or smoothed. This eliminates any rough areas on the root that can easily trap plaque and bacteria.
A smooth clean root provides a healthy environment to allow the gums to heal naturally and reattach to the tooth. This will create a reduced pocket, therefore eliminating areas for bacteria to hide and cause further disease.
Scaling and Root Planing combined with a strict home care routine and frequent periodontal cleanings and examination will increase your chances of keeping your natural smile.
Gum Disease - Treatment Overview
Early treatment of gum disease is very important. The goals of treatment are to prevent gum disease from permanently damaging tissues, control infection, and prevent tooth loss.
ONE VERY IMPORTANT SUGGESTION:
Avoid all tobacco use. Tobacco decreases your ability to fight infection, interferes with healing, and makes you more likely to have serious gum disease that results in tooth loss.
Treatment for early-stage gum disease
If you have early-stage gum disease (gingivitis ), you may be able to reverse the damage to your gums:
• Brush your teeth two times a day, in the morning and before bedtime.
• Floss your teeth one time a day.
• Use an antiseptic mouthwash, such as Listerine, or an antiplaque mouthwash.
Treatment for advanced gum disease
Early-stage gum disease (gingivitis ) that is not treated promptly or that does not respond to treatment can progress to advanced gum disease (periodontitis ). Periodontitis requires prompt treatment to get rid of the infection and stop damage to the teeth and gums, followed by long-term care to maintain the health of your mouth.
• Your dentist or dental hygienist will remove the plaque and tartar both above and below your gum line. This procedure, called root planing and scaling, makes it harder for plaque to stick to the teeth.
• Your dentist may give you antibiotics to kill bacteria and stop the infection. They may be applied directly on the gums, swallowed as pills or capsules, or inserted into the pockets in your gums.
• You may need surgery if these treatments don't control the infection or if you already have severe damage to your gums or teeth.
Surgery options may include:
›› Gingivectomy, which removes and reshapes loose, diseased gum tissue to get rid of the pockets between the teeth and gums where plaque can build up.
›› A flap procedure, which cleans the roots of a tooth and repairs bone damage.
›› Extraction, to remove loose or severely damaged teeth.
• After surgery, you may need to take antibiotics or other medicines to aid healing and prevent infection.
After treatment, you will need to keep your mouth disease-free by preventing plaque buildup. You will need to brush carefully and thoroughly after all meals and snacks and floss daily.Dr. Bansal will probably prescribe an antibacterial mouthwash.
It is very important to schedule follow-up appointments regularly for cleaning and to make sure that the disease has not returned.